What is a Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) ?
The LMA is a supraglottic airway device that was first designed for elective ventilation in the operating room. The use of the LMA is an often preferred alternative to bag-valve-mask ventilation allowing the healthcare provider to monitor the patient rather than holding the mask in place. The LMA is also minimally invasive and designed specifically for airway management in the unconscious patient. Subsequently, an inflatable mask is fitted with a tube that exits the mouth to permit ventilation of the lungs.
History of the LMA
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a supraglottic airway device developed by British Anesthesiologist Dr. Archi Brain. It has been in use since 1988.
Types of Laryngeal Mask Airways
The LMA comes in an assortment of sizes and styles. The different types of laryngeal mask airways include:
1. LMA Classic: the original, reusable device
2. LMA Unique: a disposable version that works well in the field
3. LMA Fastrach: an intubating LMA that easily precedes intubation
4. LMA Flexible: softer tubing, not appropriate for emergency situations
5. LMA ProSeal: used to suction gastric contents, not appropriate for emergency
6. LMA Supreme: similar to the ProSeal, but includes a built-in bite block
7. LMA CTrach: includes built-in fiber optics with a video screen
When Do You Use a LMA?
The LMA is used as temporary airway during anesthesia or as a life-saving measure when respiration is not present. The LMA is often useful in the operating room, intensive care unit, emergency room, and by paramedics and EMT's.
The Anatomy of the LMA
The LMA consists of an endotracheal tube that connects to an elliptical mask on the distal end. The mask features a cuff that forms an airtight seal on the glottis once it is in place. The mask of the LMA is inserted first, with the mask covering the glottis and the tube extending out of the patient’s mouth.
LMA devices range in size from 0 for an infant to 6 for a large adult. The specific size is determined by the age and weight of the patient. When a patient is between mask sizes, the larger size is usually recommended to ensure a secure seal.
How To Insert an LMA
To insert an LMA, follow these steps:
1. Inflate and deflate the cuff to check its volume and ensure there are no leaks.
2. Apply the lubricant to the posterior surface of the mask.
3. Pre-oxygenate the patient with bag-valve-mask ventilation if possible.
4. Position the patient in the sniffing or "neutral" location.
5. Insert the LMA and manually guide it along the hard and soft palates and into the throat by pushing with the index or long finger in the v-shaped notch where the tube attaches to the mask.
6. Use minimal pressure to advance the LMA until you encounter resistance.
7. After the LMA is in place, then inflate the cuff.
What is Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC)?
The return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is the primary goal of resuscitation of a cardiac arrest patient using basic and advanced life support measures.
What happens during cardiac arrest?
Cardiac arrest can occur when the heart’s electrical system stops working properly, which can lead to an abnormal heart rhythm. In addition, besides constant palpation of a carotid pulse, waveform capnography is the most reliable prehospital monitoring device to detect the immediate loss of circulation. Lastly, providing high quality CPR, sometimes combined with defibrillation, can be used to attempt resuscitation with the ultimate goal of achieving ROSC.
What are a Few Signs of ROSC?
A few signs of ROSC might include:
4. Detectable pulse
5. Measurable blood pressure
6. Increase in ETCO2
Although ROSC is a positive sign and the ultimate goal of CPR, post-resuscitation care must be tailored to the needs of the individual patient.
A clinical Look at rosc in mEDICINE
The measurement for ROSC involves the assessment of noticeable signs like breathing or movement, as well a fluctuations in ETCO2. A sudden increase in ETCO2 is often the first sign of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), even before a carotid pulse can be detected .Some of these causes might become apparent during resuscitation of the patient, especially while evaluating the 5Hs and 5Ts of cardiac arrest.
In order to achieve ROSC it is critical to focus on the advantages of high-quality CPR with adequate chest compressions and rescue breaths. The ability to achieve the proper compression depth, minimize compression interruptions, and the addition of antiarrhythmic drugs will often proven advantageous for the patient resulting in ROSC.
CPR Training to achieve rosc!
As a healthcare provider or caregiver, it is important to provide patients the best odds of ROSC by knowing and understanding high-quality resuscitative measures. A CPR and AED certification class gives you the chance to review your knowledge and practice your skills so you are prepared to provide lifesaving measures in a cardiac emergency. Help-A-Heart CPR offers training classes taught by experts in the field who are committed to making training informative and fun. With better focus during class and greater retention afterward, you will be equipped to give your patients the highest level of care possible.
Help-A-Heart CPR offers classes at our Texas locations, as well as online and on-site. Contact us today to get our current class schedule.
What's The Difference Between American Red Cross BLS vs. American Heart Association BLS?
If you have recently taken a Basic Life Support (BLS) class you probable noticed that there are several options including the American Red Cross (ARC) BLS and the American Heart Association (AHA) BLS class. In this post, we’ll explain the differences between the two curriculums so that you can choose the right one for you.
How are the bls guidelines established?
All BLS courses are based on the guidelines from International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). ILCOR publishes the guidelines and then the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, American Safety Health Institute and all other training providers base their courses off of that material.
Curriculum COMparison: AHA vs. arc
1. Course Duration and Instruction Models: The American Heart Association and American Red Cross BLS course durations are different. The American Red Cross Basic Life Support course lasts approximately 4.5 hours and/or the American Red Cross BLS Blending learning in-person session lasts 2.5 hours. The AHA BLS is approximately 3.5 hours and/or the in-person BLS skills testing is 30 minutes. Student's have the option of either a 100% in-person class or the hybrid and blended learning model. Please keep in mind that the hybrid or blended learning class also includes an online course portion which can vary in time from 2.0 hours to 4.0 hours based upon proficiency and prior knowledge.
2. Course Methodology: The American Heart Association has two training options available. Students can choose between blended learning, online sessions with an in-person skills check, or traditional classroom training. The American Red Cross also offers both hybrid and traditional sessions.
Are you confused about which class to take? For experienced healthcare providers we recommend hybrid online BLS training. For new providers, or those that are not providing CPR on a regular basis, we recommend the traditional, instructor-led class. That way you’ll get more practice time and be able to ask all of the questions you want.
3. Certification Acceptance and Recognition: Both the American Heart Association and the American Red Cross are widely accepted throughout various industries. We always recommend that you consult with your employer to see which curriculum is required.
The American Red Cross is a well-known emergency response organization established in 1881. The American Heart Association is also a recognizable national organization. It was founded in 1924 and has since grown into the U.S.’s largest voluntary organization focused on heart disease and stroke.
4. Comparison of Cost: The cost of the BLS certification varies based on the curriculum model and whether class is a hybrid or blended learning version or a 100% face-to-face instructional model.
The American Heart Association and the American Red Cross offer digital certification cards for your convenience. The American Red Cross and American Heart Association also have an online portal for students to access their e-cards and both share and print their certifications.
Take a BLS training course with Help-A-Heart CPR and earn your AHA or ARC BLS certification today. If you have any additional questions regarding the BLS provider certification please feel free to email us or call us to learn more about our classes and course availability.
How To Renew Your BLS Certification?
How long has it been since you've taken a BLS certification class?
The processing of renewing your American Heart Association BLS certification is integral to your profession as a healthcare provider. Renewing your BLS certification also gives you an opportunity to review your skills as a healthcare provider while also remaining current on your certifications and credentials.
Are you Ready to take a BLS Provider Certification Class?
At Help-A-Heart CPR, we strive to make the initial certification and the recertification process easy from start to finish. Our registration process is simple and convenient. We offer training at several different locations and at a variety of days and times to help accommodate everyone's busy lifestyle.
To begin, simply visit our main registration page and then search for BLS Provider, BLS Renewal, or Heartcode BLS Skills Testing classes based upon your preference. Then click through to view the class schedule.
How Do I renew a BLS certification?
The BLS certification classes at Help-A-Heart CPR are an efficient and convenient way to renew your AHA BLS credentials. Our blended learning classes allow you to complete part of the training online, whenever and wherever is best for you. This is a great option for those looking to renew because you can complete the course at your own pace. This method of learning offers the same high-quality materials and lessons as a traditional classroom, with all the benefits of a virtual class.
To enroll, just register for a Heartcode BLS Skills Testing certification class time slot and location that fits your schedule. You will then need to purchase the American Heart Association Heartcode BLS online course to get access to the self-paced online training modules that can be completed at your convenience. After completing the virtual modules, visit one of our offices to complete the brief skills practice and test.
Once you’ve passed the exam, you’ll receive a American Heart Association BLS card within 48 to 72 hours to prove your certification. You can show this to your employer to let them know that you have renewed your certification. It remains valid for 2 years after the date you complete the training course. Once your certification has expired, just head back to Help-A-Heart CPR for another renewal course!
Who Should Complete The American Heart Association BLS Certification Class?
Taking a BLS Provider certification class can offer many benefits for individuals not to mention that it is most often a requirement to work in a clinical setting with patients. The following are just some of the roles for which BLS training is recommended:
2. Registered nurses
6. Medical personnel
If you’ve taken a BLS class in the past, you will need to renew your American Heart Association BLS card every 2 years
What Topics Will Be Discussed in a BLS Certification class?
During a BLS certification course, we will cover a wide number of subjects related to Basic Life Support (BLS) including the following:
1. How to provide CPR for adults, children, and infants
2. Care for conscious and unconscious choking victims of all ages
3. Use of the Automated External Defibrillator (AED) and special considerations
4. How to use breathing barriers and bag valve masks
5. What to do in a 2 rescuer CPR situation
6. Treatment for cardiopulmonary emergencies and special situations
Renew Your BLS Certification AT Help-A-Heart CPR!
Are you ready to renew your American Heart Association BLS certification? There’s no better option than a course from Help-A-Heart CPR. We understand that everyone has a busy schedule nowadays and our goal is to provide a learning environment that is both relaxed and yet empowering. That’s why we go above and beyond to support our students with nearby destinations, frequent class times, and helpful instructors.
Our BLS certification courses combine high-quality lessons and engaging interactive practices so that each student leaves the classroom equipped with the skills and knowledge they need to be successful. With years of in-field experience, our team of experts is ready to answer your questions, provide valuable advice, and share memorable anecdotes along the way.
What Are Bloodborne Pathogens?
Potential contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluids should warrant extreme precautions. These precautions are needed due to the inherent risk posed by bloodborne pathogens in which microorganisms capable of transmitting bloodborne diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis B (HBV). So what exactly are bloodborne pathogens? Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms in human blood and other bodily fluids that can spread infectious bloodborne diseases. These diseases are spread through contact with infected materials such as contaminated needles, through an open wound, mucous membranes, or damaged tissues.
Three Common Bloodborne Diseases
Of the 20 bloodborne pathogens known to cause diseases such as malaria, syphilis, and hemorrhagic fever, there are three; hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that are the most common pathogens of concern. These three viruses account for the majority of occupationally-acquired infections and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C (HCV) is an infection that affects the liver, spread by contact with an infected individual’s blood. HCV can be a short-term illness for some, but for others, it can result in a long-term illness or even lead to life-threatening conditions including cirrhosis or liver cancer. If it is detected early, HCV is treatable. However, symptoms often do not become apparent until the infection has progressed into advanced liver disease. There is no vaccine for HCV, so the best way to avoid contracting it is by avoiding contact with infected blood.
Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B (HBV) also impacts the liver, however unlike HCV, there is a vaccine for Hepatitis B. HBV is spread through the blood, semen, or bodily fluids of an infected individual. The virus does not always present symptoms and it can be a short-term illness when detected early. For others, the virus can turn into a chronic infection or cause other serious conditions like cirrhosis or liver cancer. HBV can be detected from symptoms like stomach pain, fatigue, and jaundice.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is also one of the most common bloodborne pathogens. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets the immune system causing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV is transmitted via direct contact with blood, semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, or breast milk from an individual with a detectable viral load. In the workplace, occupational transmission is influenced by several factors, including volume of blood, type of procedure, type of injury, or percutaneous penetration. Compared to HBV and HCV, the percutaneous risk of HIV transmission is the smallest, estimated to be around 0.3%. There is currently no cure for HIV, but it can be treated and controlled with medical care
How to protect yourself from bloodborne diseases?
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration various factors that can help reduce the transmission of bloodborne disease include the following:
1. Blood and body fluid precautions for all patients, regardless of infection status.
2. Hand hygiene.
3. Separating food and drink from areas where blood and bodily fluids are present.
4. Use of gloves, gowns, masks, eye protection (e.g., goggles), face shields when in a healthcare environment.
5. Safe waste management.
6. Safe laundry management.
7. Post exposure evaluation and follow-up after occupational exposure to a bloodborne pathogens.
Whether a healthcare provider or not, it is important to use precautions when exposed to blood or bodily fluids. At Help-A-Heart CPR we provide training on bloodborne diseases and precautionary measures in our Bloodborne Pathogens training as well as our American Heart Association First Aid and American Red Cross First Aid classes. Take a moment to review our training schedule or call us to register for an upcoming class.
Do You Know The Symptoms and Treatment for Food Poisoning?
Food poisoning can occur when you eat or drink something that is contaminated with harmful bacteria which have multiplied, either from poor handling, improper cooking, or poor food storage. There are specific foods that are most likely to cause foodborne illness, such as undercooked seafood products, undercooked deli meats and ground beef, unpasteurized milk, cheese, and juice raw, and unwashed fruits and vegetables. In addition, other factors such as parasites, toxins, chemicals, and viruses, can also contaminate food during the production and processing phase.
Who's at Risk For Food Poisoning?
Food poisoning can negatively impact most individuals. However, certain demographics are more prone to foodborne illnesses than others, such as:
1. People with weakened immune systems
3. People with Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
4. People undergoing chemotherapy for cancer
5. Pregnant women
What Are The Common Symptoms of food poisoning?
The symptoms of food poisoning can vary depending on the source of the infection. Most types of food poisoning cause one or more of the following symptoms:
2. Watery diarrhea
3. Loss of appetite
5. Stomach cramps
7. Mild fever
Food poisoning symptoms that are potentially life-threatening include:
1. Diarrhea that lasts for more than three days
2. A fever greater than 102°F
3. Difficulty seeing or speaking
4. Symptoms of severe dehydration
5. Bloody urine
You must immediately contact a doctor or seek medical treatment if you notice or experience these severe symptoms.
Food poisoning First Aid
In the event you suspect someone has food poisoning, please follow the guidelines below:
A. Advise them to lie down. If they vomit, give them small sips of water to drink, which will help prevent dehydration.
B. If they have accompanying diarrhea, replacing lost fluids and salts is vital. You can advise them to take an ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution) as directed on the packet from your local pharmacy.
C. When they feel hungry, advise them to eat light, bland food easily digested, such as bread, rice, crackers, or a banana.
D. Do not drink caffeine, alcohol, or fizzy drinks.
E. If the symptoms worsen and the vomiting and diarrhea persist, seek medical advice.
F. Do not take anti-diarrhea medicines unless specifically advised by a healthcare professional.
G. Children with food poisoning should avoid dairy products and drink plenty of fluids.
When To Call EMS?
There are two ways to get help from food poisoning in the United States – the Emergency Medical Services team or the Poison Control Center. They are excellent resources for poisoning information and, in many situations, may advise that in-home observation is all that’s needed. You should Call 911 immediately if the victim of food poisoning is:
1. Drowsy, unconscious, or not breathing
2. Having seizures
3. Having difficulty breathing
4. Uncontrollably restless or agitated
5. Known to have taken medications or any other substance overdosed.
If the person is stable and has no symptoms or if the person is going to be transported to the local emergency department, you should call the Poison Control Center. When speaking with the poison control center, be ready to describe the person’s symptoms, age, weight, other medications they are taking, and other information you have about the poison. It would be best to know the amount ingested and how long since the person was exposed to it. If possible, have the pill bottle, medication package, or other suspect containers on hand to refer to its label.
Enroll in a CPR/AED/First Aid Class!
Can You Perform CPR on a Pregnant Woman?
The first question is "Can you perform CPR on a pregnant woman"? Yes. If a pregnant woman is experiencing cardiac arrest, you absolutely should perform CPR. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), “Resuscitation of the pregnant woman, including PMCD when indicated, is the first priority because it may lead to increased survival of both the woman and the fetus.”
While it makes complete sense that that bystanders may be hesitant to perform CPR when the patient is noticeable pregnant simply of of fear of harming the mother or the baby. However, it is important to know that CPR is still recommended for pregnant patients and immediate action is necessary. When a patient receives immediate CPR, their odds of survival increase by over 40% Subsequently, it is vital that CPR is administered to a pregnant women when signs of cardiac arrest first become noticeable.
How do you perform CPR ON A PREGNANT WOMAN?
1. Call 911 or EMS.
Upon recognition that the pregnant woman or victim is unresponsive and not breathing, immediately call 911. Next, while you are speaking to the 911 dispatcher please ensure that you let them know that the patient is pregnant so that first responders are prepared and aware of the essentials for this medical emergency.
2. Perform CPR
Next, while waiting for the emergency personnel to arrive on the scene, you should begin administering CPR to the individual. Make sure that the pregnant woman is lying on her back in the supine position on a flat, hard surface like the ground or the floor. You’ll need to open the airway and confirm that the patient is not breathing properly. Then, begin delivering chest compressions. A special position for administering compressions is not needed for the pregnant woman so you can press down on the center of their chest as is standard for any patient who requires CPR. Lastly, perform hard, fast compressions at around 100-120 beats per minute and at a depth of around 2 inches or slightly more.
3. Use an AED
When the AED arrives at the scene, it is important to immediately use it. First, turn on the device and follow the audible prompts provided by the AED. The device will either instruct you to deliver the defibrillation shock or to continue with CPR if it assesses that a shock is not necessary. The implementation of AED shocks are considered safe for women at any stage of pregnancy and harm to the baby is not statistically nor medically foreseeable. Thus, the AED is used to potentially restart the heart and restore the patient’s regular heart rhythm. Lastly, if at any point the patient becomes responsive, the pregnant woman can be positioned on their left side. This position will allow for better blood flow to their heart and to the baby.
Why is it important to provide cpr to a pregnant woman?
Whether a pregnant woman or a non-pregnant individual, you should administer CPR immediately in the event that you are medically assisting an unconscious victim who is not able to breathe. When a patient is in cardiac arrest, their bodies are not delivering an adequate supply of blood to the brain and other organs. For any patient, this can lead to serious complications.
In pregnant women, this could potentially impact the health of the fetus. When a patient is pregnant, they require 30-50% more blood flow in order to accommodate both the mother’s and the baby’s needs. Because of this, “pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to oxygen deprivation caused by cardiac arrest.” As such, in the event of cardiac arrest, CPR is critical so that blood flow is restored and the patient and fetus continue receiving oxygen.
The AHA explains that pregnant women are experiencing cardiac arrest at an increasing rate, and around 1 in 12,000 admissions for delivery in the U.S. results in a maternal cardiac arrest. These increasing statistics involving cardiac arrest among pregnant women are thought to be caused by a number of conditions, including heart failure, amniotic fluid embolism, or hemorrhage.
Get CPR certified WITH HELP-A-HEART CPR
Are you ready to get CPR certified?
Our CPR and First Aid certification courses at Help-A-Heart CPR will cover everything you need to know to provide care while administering CPR to both pregnant and non-pregnant individuals. Our professionally trained and experienced instructors and engaging and hands-on learning environments provide an empowering and educational experience for every student.
With a wide selection of class day and time options, it’s easy to fit training into your busy schedule. If you would like to get your entire workplace or team trained at once, we’re happy to provide a quote for group CPR training. Or, you can explore our online BLS course options for a hybrid certification with a short skills check with one of our instructors at our office.
To get started, contact us by phone at (210) 380-5344 or online through our contact form. We can’t wait to hear from you!
How To Operate An AED In 6 Steps!
Timing is vital when a sudden cardiac arrest event occurs. The immediate use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) can increase survivability after cardiac arrest. So what are the 6 basic steps to operating an AED?
Even though AEDs are designed to be extremely user-friendly, understanding how the specific AED operates and what the specific steps for using the AED can increase your confidence and provide you with the added skills to actively save a life.
What is an AED?
The AED is a device used to treat victims of cardiac arrest and it most often used in conjunction with CPR. The AED conducts an analysis of a patient’s heart rhythm to determine whether a shock is needed to restore a normal heartbeat and if it determines that a shock is necessary, it delivers a shock to the patient using an electrical current called joules.
Unfortunately, there is a common misconception that AEDs are dangerous and could cause harm to the operator or other bystanders. In reality, AEDs are a safe, effective tool that pose little risk when used properly.
Why Are AED's Important?
An AED is a life-saving device that can significantly increase a patient’s survivability after cardiac arrest. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) (2022) cardiac arrest victims had a 67% chance of survival when a bystander uses an AED, as opposed to just 43% when they wait for emergency medical responders to arrive. Subsequently, AEDs are an highly effective way to provide emergency care to individuals quickly while waiting for emergency response personnel.
How Do you operate an AED?
Operating an AED is extremely easy! By following just a few steps, you can administer an electric shock in minutes and help restore the patient’s regular heartbeat.
Did you also know that most AEDs include instructions? Many units are even equipped with voice prompts to walk the user through the process. However, despite the voice prompts, it is still imperative to know and understand the basic steps for AED use.
the 6 Basic Steps For Operating An AED ARE:
1. Assess the scene for safety!
First, check the scene and make sure that it is safe to approach the victim. If there is another individual or bystander, have them call 911 for help and grab a first aid kit and AED if not already there.
2. Turn on the AED and follow the prompts!
Once an AED is available, turn it on and begin following the prompts. Some devices will call out voice prompts while others show the steps on a screen. Also, listen to see if pad connectors need to be plugged in.
3. Attach electrode pads.
Remove any clothing that is covering the victim’s chest. Attach one electrode pad to the upper right side of the patient’s chest, then place the other on the lower left side of the patient’s chest.
4. Check for shockable or non-shockable rhythm.
Let the AED check for a shockable rhythm. Make sure that no one is touching the patient and call out “clear" or "stand back"!
5. Administer shock if necessary.
If the AED determines a shock is necessary, make sure that no one is touching the patient and call out “clear” or "stand back"! Once it is safe to do so, administer the shock.
6. Administer chest compression CPR.
Begin administering CPR with chest compressions.
wOULD YOU LIKE TO Learn More?
Now that you’ve learned a bit more about AED's, would you like to take one of our CPR/AED classes here at Help-A-Heart CPR? It doesn't matter if you are a future healthcare provider or a stay-at-home mom, getting CPR and AED certified is empowering.
If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to reach out! Our team of training professionals is passionate about CPR and we’re here to help in any way we can. Give us a call at (210) 380-5344 or use our online contact form.
How To Handle An Allergic Reaction!
Have you ever had an allergic reaction to something? Allergic reactions can occur in response to a number of different things whether it be a bee sting and/or a house pet to even peanuts and freshly cut grass and hay. Allergic reactions can sometimes be mild and/or even severe. However, regardless of how severe an allergic reaction is, it is important to address it as efficiently and effectively as possible to prevent further distress.
What Is An Allergic reaction?
An allergic reaction is the body’s overreaction to an allergen or foreign protein.
The extensive network of cells, hormones, tissues, and organs that compromise the immune system in the human body work effortlessly to keep the body safe from potential threats such as infections, viruses, and diseases. During an allergic reaction, the body produces substance-fighting proteins called Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. These antibodies travel to cells and release chemicals that, when combined with an allergen, prompt the body to release a compound called histamine, which is responsible for allergic reactions ranging from itching and irritation to swelling and even anaphylaxis.
What Causes Allergic Reactions?
An allergic reaction is caused by a combination of an allergen and the body’s response. There are three primary types of allergies and each type can involve a different type of response. The first are ingested allergies, which occur only when an allergen is ingested orally or intravenously. Common allergens in this category include peanuts, eggs, gluten, certain types of fruit, and some medications, including penicillin. The second are contact allergies, which occur when an allergen comes into contact with the skin and causes swelling or irritation. Common allergens in this category include soaps, detergents, hair dye, and latex. The final and most widespread type of allergies are inhaled allergies, which occur when an individual breathes in an allergen. Common allergens in this category include pollen and pet dander.
What are common allergic reactions?
An allergic reaction can produce one or more of the following symptoms:
1. Itching on the affected area or over the entire body
2. A red or raised rash on the affected area or over the entire body
4. Swelling in the mouth or throat
5. A runny nose
6. Sneezing and watery eyes
7. Difficulty breathing or rapid breaths
8. Nausea or diarrhea
In certain cases, an allergic reaction can impact multiple parts of the body at once with severe symptoms resulting in anaphylaxis. Symptoms of anaphylaxis typically begin 5 to 30 minutes after contact with an allergen. However, sometimes, it can take up to an hour for symptoms to become noticeable. The symptoms of anaphylaxis are noticeably more severe with individuals experiencing anaphylactic shock and even becoming dizzy or losing consciousness. Anaphylaxis can unfortunately occur suddenly and become lethal in a very short period of time. If you suspect an anaphylactic reaction, address it quickly with the medication prescribed by your physician (usually Epinephrine and/or Benadryl) and an immediate visit to an emergency room.
Be Prepared! Get Certified With Help-A-Heart CPR!
In order to acquire all of the necessary knowledge you need to address allergic reactions and administer proper precautions for handling allergic reactions; it’s always an excellent idea to enroll in a first aid course.
A first aid course will provide you with knowledge regarding the administration of first aid for issues including muscle and bone injuries, seizures, general trauma, and allergic reactions. Students will then have an opportunity to practice their learned skills under the supervision of trained professionals. At the conclusion of the course, all students will obtain a Basic First Aid certification indicating that they have passed the course.
Learn More About Allergic Reactions. Enroll in a First Aid Course!
Would you like to learn more about allergies? Do you have any questions about how to handle an allergic reaction? Our instructors and staff here at Help-A-Heart CPR are here to answer your questions. Become better prepared and get certified with a Help-A-Heart CPR First Aid class. We offer the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, and/or the American Safety Health Institute First Aid class which will provide everything you need to know to provide first aid and emergency care for allergic reactions, injuries, and other trauma. Take a moment to explore our website to learn more about the many emergency response courses we offer, and enroll with our team at Help-A-Heart CPR today!
What Items Should Be In A First Aid Kit?
Having a well-organized and well-stocked first aid kit is one of the best ways to prepare for an emergency.
A first aid kit in your car allows you to treat injuries while you’re away from home or if you're in predicament and don't have access to medical supplies.
The creation of your own first aid kit can be cost effective and an easy alternative to purchasing a pre-made kit. Creating your own first aid kit also allows you to customize the first aid kit based on the medical needs of your family and friends.
First Aid Supplies
A well-equipped first aid kit is more than just band-aids and scissors. There are quite a few different types of supplies you might not have considered that can be very beneficial to have on hand such as medical care options for children and infants as well as a First Aid manual. In this blog post, we’ll cover the essential items for any first aid kit checklist to help you create your own.
1. A Box or Container.
When purchasing your first aid container box, look for a container that comes with transparent inner compartments so you can have a clear view of the items inside. Also, look for a light-weight tackle box with handles, and never put a padlock on your kit because you will need to get to it quickly in an emergency.
2. Essential First Aid Items.
Here are some essential items that you might want to keep in your first aid kit:
Adhesive Band-Aids for covering cuts
Gauze pads for treating wounds
Safety pins for closing bandages
Antiseptic and hydrocortisone cream for skin inflammation and rashes
Antihistamine for allergic reactions
Antiseptic wipes to sanitize your hands
Aspirin, Ibuprofen, or other pain relieving medication
Aloe Vera to treat mild burns
Insect bite relief pads
A digital thermometer
Curved scissors (Medical grade)
Saline solution for eye washing or cleaning wounds
3. Child and Infant Medication Doses and Accessories.
If you have young children in your family, include child and infant pain relievers, any prescribed medication, Benadryl spray, child & infant sunscreen, small bandages, baby wipes, and a syringe or medicine cup for administering medications.
4. First Aid Manual & Instructions.
A first aid manual will provide the necessary steps to assist you in a medical emergency. Another alternative is to participate in a CPR and First Aid certification class to receive hands-on training. Try to also include a summary of the information you learned in the class inside your First Aid kit so you remember what to do in the middle of an emergency.
5. Items for Serious and Acute Emergencies.
Additional emergency first aid items may be needed to facilitate acute medical emergencies such as choking, cardiac arrest, drowning, severe allergic reactions, and car accidents.
A. Hot and cold packs. Preferably, the kind that you just have to snap to activate the heating or cooling sensation
B. Latex free synthetic gloves if you’re dealing with serious wounds
C. A CPR mask for mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
D. Anti-diarrhea medication
E. An Epi-Pen for severe allergic reactions
F. A biohazard bag or marked plastic bag for disposal of contaminated items
Tips for using the first aid kit
Ensuring that you have a first aid kit in your car is always a wonderful initiative. However, there may be times that it will be ineffective if you don't know how to use its contents. Here are a few essential first aid tips that you can follow:
1. Always disinfect. Always try to disinfect your hands and the area of injury before bandaging a wound. Open wounds and skin-to-skin contact can lead to infections and the spread of illness.
2. Stop the bleeding. Apply direct pressure to any open wound to stop the bleeding before wrapping it or applying a bandage.
3. Immobilize the injured area. For trauma and broken bones, make sure that the injured area is immobilized without excess weight or pressure on top of it. Unless you are a healthcare professional such as a medical doctor, don’t try to reset or stint the bone yourself.
4. Perform CPR for nonresponsive persons who aren’t breathing. In the event that a person isn’t breathing and is unresponsive, perform CPR immediately.
5. When in doubt, call 911. For individuals in need of CPR, call 911 as soon as you determine that CPR is needed. For those with serious injuries or for anyone you believe needs extra treatment; always call 911.
6. Always restock your first aid kit. After using some of your essential first aid items to address any medical emergencies, it’s important to replace those items as soon as possible.
7. Some medical emergencies are bigger than your first aid kit can handle. If you feel that you or a loved one need emergency treatment, contact emergency services. If someone has a large wound or won’t stop bleeding, has sustained a head injury, may need CPR, or is experiencing severe symptoms call 911 right away. When in doubt, always call 911!
8. Take a first aid or CPR course. The best way to learn how to use your first aid kit in the event of any emergency is to take a Basic First Aid or CPR certification course that teaches you essential lifesaving skills.
Our CPR and First Aid courses at Help-A-Heart CPR can help you prepare for unforeseen emergencies. Whether you’re a parent looking to learn basic first aid for your children, a future medical professional hoping to get some training, or just interested in first aid, taking a class is a great way to sharpen your skills and potentially save someone’s life!
Our CPR certification and Basic First Aid classes will leave you feeling ready to use that first aid kit. We’ll cover patient assessment, bleeding wounds, allergic reactions, and much more. If you’re interested, take a moment to review our class schedule and find a date and time that works for you. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to reach out! We’re here to help. Just use our online contact form or give us a call at 210-380-5344.
Dr. Tracy A. Jones is the CEO of Help-A-Heart CPR, LLC and an American Heart Association, ASHI, and American Red Cross Master Program Trainer, Instructor, & AHA Faculty Member located in San Antonio, Texas.