At some point in one's life, almost everyone has experienced some kind of burn. Whether its due to lengthy exposure to the sun, an accident while cooking, or even a chemical burn. Some burns are unfortunately more serious than others.
Many of you might already know about the degrees of burns, but for those of you not familiar, they include the following:
First Degree: Red skin, no blisters.
Second Degree: Blisters and thickened skin. This may include a burn of either a partial or full thickness of the skin.
Third Degree: Overall thickening of the affected skin with a white or grayish color.
Fourth Degree: The burn not only penetrates the dermal and epidermal layers but also reaches the tendons and bones of the victim.
There are also different types of burn injury causes. These include the following:
Thermal burns can arise from explosions, flame, or hot liquids.
Chemical burns are caused by strong acids of alkali substance and require special care to stop injury to skin.
Electrical burns are caused by exposure to electricity.
Radiological burns are caused by radiation and often require decontamination.
It is also important to remember to never add anything frozen to cool a burn. The placing of ice on the injury can result in tissue ischemia. Instead, cool burn with clean cold water for at least 10 minutes adn if water isn't available then a cool compress can be used a substitute.
Remember, never add anything frozen to cool of a burn. Placing ice on the injury can cause tissue ischemia. Instead, cool burns with clean cold water for at least 10 minutes. If water isn't available than a clean, cool compress can be used as a substitute.
Dr. Tracy A. Jones is an American Heart Association, ASHI, and American Red Cross Master Program Trainer, Instructor, & AHA Faculty Member located in San Antonio, Texas.