The American Heart Association (AHA) just recently released updated their 2017 CPR guidelines specifically for kids and 911 dispatchers.The AHA is now recommending 911 assisted compression-only CPR instructions when cardiac arrest is suspected. The use of telephone CPR not only provides assistance to the bystander not trained in CPR/AED/First Aid but also reminds the CPR-trained rescuer of the importance of provide high-quality CPR in a stressful situation. Unfortunately, only one-half of the 911 dispatchers in the US provide telephone CPR, which has been identified as a critical intervention in the chain of survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
The updated AHA guidelines reinforce the need for compressions and rescue breaths during CPR for people younger than 18. More than 7,000 children die from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest annually. In most cases, it is the result of a lack of oxygen, and rescue breaths can keep oxygenated blood flowing through the system.
Most people who experience cardiac arrest at home, work or in a public location die because they don’t receive immediate CPR from someone on the scene. As a bystander, it is important to not be afraid. Part of this increased confidence can come from increased knowledge and awareness which can be optimized through training and recurrent training on AHA CPR/AED/First Aid guidelines.
The following is the link to the AHA updated guidelines for first responders and laymen rescuers. A must read for everyone.
Dr. Tracy A. Jones is an American Heart Association, ASHI, and American Red Cross Master Program Trainer, Instructor, & AHA Faculty Member located in San Antonio, Texas.