Rescue Breathing vs. CPR-The Basic Difference?
What is a Rescue Breath?
Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or can't be opened. Current recommendations suggest performing rescue breathing using a bag-mask device with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter. It can be performed on its own or as one component of the larger CPR process.
What is cpr?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that's useful in many emergencies, such as a heart attack or near drowning, in which someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. The American Heart Association recommends starting CPR with hard and fast chest compressions.
When Do you do cpr and rescue breathing?
CPR and rescue breathing are commonly used together. However, sometimes you only need one or the other. Rescue breathing should be done in the event of respiratory arrest and/or when the patient or victim has stopped breathing. On the contrary, CPR should be facilitated when the victim has no pulse and is in cardiac arrest.
Cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest often occur synonymously and so CPR rescue breaths are often administered in conjunction with chest compressions. Additionally, before doing rescue breaths, the rescuer first looks in the mouth and throat for any visible objects that may be blocking the airway and, if any are present, removes them.
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Dr. Tracy A. Jones is an American Heart Association, ASHI, and American Red Cross Master Program Trainer, Instructor, & AHA Faculty Member located in San Antonio, Texas.